Tuesday, September 29, 2009

Tekla's Blog September 16-30th

September 16

I spent today boxing more of the Malone Center's administrative records. Some of the more interesting items included a Malone Neighborhood Areas Study (1982), and a Malone Expansion Report from 1999. The area's study really explained the changing demographics of the neighborhood overtime. The latter was of interest to me because the author of the report envisioned an archives for African Americans within the facility of the Malone Center. Other items included Standards and Practices for the center, Staff Meeting Minutes, and a very cool Masonic edition of the Bible. A number of masons have served on the Malone Center Board over the years. Although there are a few years for which no records have been kept or which have been removed, the collection holds Malone Board Minutes from 1946-2003.

September 21

I kept busy today at the Nebraska State Historical Society processing the Seymour Smith Collection. I thought that I was nearly done with the collection last week; after an arrangement of the materials occurred to me all at once. This week I had to actually write the finding aid to match the arrangement of the materials. Tom returned from his trip abroad and checked over my arrangement of the papers (which I will try to post here). I was encouraged by his response to my work, which he said was a logical arrangement. I did notice, however, that in his sample, he listed the folders chronologically in spite of changes in series. I asked him about this and he said that the practice was a break from the way things were done at NSHS in the past. I liked the new way better as it seems less confusing.

The final product looked like this:

RG5659 .AM: Smith, Seymour (Omaha, Neb.), 1893-1978
Papers: 1892-1978
Omaha, Douglas County, Neb.: Attorney
Size: .05 cu. ft.

Seymour Smith came of age listening to the speeches of William Jennings Bryan, who, like Smith was an active democrat. Smith held Bryan in high esteem, both because of Bryan’s politics and because of Bryan’s gift at oration. An ardent fan, Smith collected Memorabilia about Bryan for more than two generations and would eventually be recognized as an expert on the statesman. Born on April 21, 1893, Smith grew up a Nebraska farm boy. He became an Omaha attorney and dedicated member of the Democratic Party as an adult. After matriculating from Bellevue Academy and attending the University Of Nebraska School Of Law, he worked as an attorney in Lincoln briefly, only to move to Omaha, Nebraska in 1926 where he remained for the rest of his life. Smith served as Omaha’s City Attorney from 1933-1939; after which he opened a law practice in the Keeline Building.
William Jennings Bryan’s legacy as a great orator developed over the course of his long career in national politics, but was sealed with his closing remarks in the Scopes “Monkey Trial” proceedings in July of 1925. A candidate for United States President in 1896, 1900, and 1908, Bryan held strong opinions about public policy issues. Bryan’s platforms included Free Silver and Anti-trust. He opposed the teaching of evolution in public schools and was a both a prohibitionist and a progressive. Bryan was also pro-agrarian and supported political reform among farmers. He served as United States Secretary of State under President Woodrow Wilson, from 1913-1915, and spent two terms in the U.S. House of Representatives. Bryan was a delegate from Nebraska to the Democratic National Convention in 1920. Born to Mariah and Silas Bryan in “Little Egypt” Salem, Illinois, (b. March 19, 1860); Bryan married a former student, Mary Elizabeth Baird in 1884. Baird eventually studied law and helped her husband with many of his political speeches. The Bryan’s moved to Lincoln by 1888, and Bryan was elected to Congress from Nebraska’s First District in 1890; Bryan died on July 26, 1925 in Dayton, Tennessee.
A few face-to-face meetings with Bryan, increased Smith’s respect for the down-to-earth politician. Meeting Bryan for the first time at a banquet held in Bryan’s honor, in March of 1913, Smith began journaling about his encounters with the politician. He recalled having seen Bryan during one of the statesman’s trips to Omaha, Nebraska. Bryan’s stop-over was intended to stymie a movement against progressivism that had taken root within the conservative wing of the Democratic Party. A small cadre of local democrats expressed their opposition to Bryan’s representation of the party at the Democratic National Convention. Meanwhile, Smith, along with other Bryan supporters, developed a counter-measure. Smith helped to organize a speaking engagement for Bryan at Blair, Nebraska, and later drove Bryan to Tekamah. Smith also organized clubs to support Bryan’s brother, Charles W. Bryan, who served for a term as Nebraska’s Governor, and who was a vice presidential candidate in 1924 (4-5). During this period, Smith spent many hours at the office where W. J. Bryan’s publication, The Commoner, was printed (5). From 1913-1925, Smith grew close to the Bryan family. William Jennings Bryan, Jr. eventually gave smith a pair of his father’s eyeglasses, and Smith held as one of his prize possession’s a letter written by the great orator at the time of the Scopes Trial of 1925. Late in life, Smith began giving public lectures about William Jennings Bryan, and was considered a local expert on the statesman. Smith’s contributions to the state as a lay historian coupled with his public service to the city of Omaha, was noted in the late 1960’s, when the City of Omaha Parks and Recreation Department named a public park after Seymour Smith. Located at 68th and Harrison Street in Omaha Nebraska the park is a well known venue to baseball enthusiasts. Seymour Smith died in September of 1978.
This collection is arranged in two series: 1) Seymour Smith Papers; and 2) William Jennings Bryan Papers and Memorabilia.
Series 1 contains Smith’s correspondence about William Jennings Bryan, articles about Bryan that Smith authored, Newspaper clippings on Bryan which Smith collected and Miscellany.
Series 1 – Seymour Smith Papers
Box 1
Folder 1 holds the correspondence of Seymour Smith, including a letter from Governor Ralph Brooks appointing Smith to the Bryan Centennial Memorial Committee (1960, Jan. 29). There are also multiple letters from William Jennings Bryan, Jr. to Mr. and Mrs. Seymour Smith, from Pecos, New Mexico. One letter contains William Jennings Bryan, Jr.’s, religious tract “This I Believe,” 1976 [unpublished]. The folder also holds Betty (Bryan) Adams’ note relaying news of her father’s death and contains the funeral program of William Jennings Bryan, Jr. (March 1978).
Folder 2 is comprised of manuscripts authored by Seymour Smith about William Jennings Bryan. In his essays, Smith recalls Bryan’s humorous and philosophical sides.
Folder 3, newspaper clippings, includes news articles on the controversial treatment of W.J. Bryan’s statue in Washington D.C. and efforts by Nebraskans to ensure that the statue be preserved.. A similar controversy arose in Nebraska when a group proposed moving the Bryan statue from its place on the West side of the Nebraska Statehouse to another location. In part due to the activism of Smith, a bill was written requiring that the Unicameral approve relocation of any statue on state capitol grounds (Lincoln Journal, 1953, Feb. 12)
Folder 4, miscellany, [n.d.] holds clippings and sketching of early buildings in Nebraska.
Series Two holds a letter written by Williams Jennings Bryan, speeches delivered by Congressman Bryan in the U.S. House of Representatives, a eulogy by Congress which was published as a memorial to the late congressman, military records, scholarly articles on Bryan, programs, pamphlets and newsletters in regard to the statesman, political advertisements, newspaper clippings, and prints of photographs.
Series 2 -William Jennings Bryan Papers and Memorabilia
Folder 5 holds a letter from William Jennings Bryan to his [un-named] sister regarding the progress of the Scopes Trial.
Folder 6, Speeches/ Floor Debate U.S. Congress, includes the Speeches of Congressman Bryan in the House of Representatives during the 52 and 53rd Congresses, (1891-1895).
Folder 7 holds a “Eulogy,” of William J. Bryan, formally called the “Proceedings of the U.S. House of Representatives On the Life, Character and Public Services of William Jennings Bryan in Memorial,” (Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1926).
Folder 8, military records, holds discharge papers of a soldier in the U.S. Army and signed by William J. Bryan in 1898.
Folder 9 contains scholarly articles on William J. Bryan, including Paul Y. Anderson’s the “Sad Death of a Hero,” The American Mercury (1936 March); Paola E. Coletta’s “The Morning Star of the Reformation: William Jennings Bryan’s First Congressional Campaign,” Nebraska History (June 1956); and James Creelman’s “Mr. Bryan Explained,” Pearson’s, New York, (April 1908).
Folder 10 Programs, Pamphlets, & Newsletters, hold the dedication ceremony program announcing the opening of the William Jennings Bryan School in Omaha Nebraska (1965, Nov. 14). Also in this folder is a William Jennings Bryan College Founders’ Day Banquet program from March 9, 1963 with Seymour Smith listed as a presenter.
Folder 11, political advertisements, include calling cards featuring Bryan likeness.
Folder 12 contains numerous newspaper clippings, including: “William Jennings Bryan: Democratic Nominee for President,” (World Herald, July 12, 1896); an original copy of The Commoner, (1923, April); and reports on Woodrow Wilson and William Jennings Bryan’s association during Wilson’s campaign stop in Nebraska in October of 1912. The folder also holds clippings describing the Bryan’s donation of their Fairview home (4848 Sumner in Lincoln, Neb.) to Bryan Memorial Hospital (World Herald, 1962, July 1). Other clippings note William Jennings Bryan’s addition to the Nebraska Hall of Fame (Omaha World Herald, March 20, 1999).
Folder 13 Contains photographs Prints of William Jennings Bryan from 1906-1912.
Series 1 – Seymour Smith Papers
Box 1
1. Correspondence, Seymour Smith, 1960, Feb. 7-1978, Apr. 7
2. Manuscripts, 1976, Aug. 6
3. Newspaper Clippings, 1963, Feb. 21-1978, Mar. 20
4. Miscellany, [n.d.]
Series 2- William Jennings Bryan Papers and Memorabilia
5. Correspondence 1909, Jan. 2-1925 [July ?]
6. Speeches/ Floor Debate U.S. Congress, 1982, March. 16-1893, Feb. 9
7. “Eulogy,” U.S. Government Documents on William J. Bryan, 1926, Mar. 19
8. Military Records, U.S. Government Documents on William J. Bryan, 1898, Oct. 28
9. Scholarly articles on William J. Bryan, 1908, Apr. -1956, June
10. Programs, Pamphlets, & Newsletters, 1915, May-1965-Nov.
11. Political advertisements, 1908, Oct. 29-1960
12. Newspaper clippings, 1896, July 10-1975, July 17
13. Photographs Prints, 1906, Aug. 30-1934, Apr. 15

Democratic Party—Nebraska
William Jennings Bryan
William Jennings Bryan, Jr.
Scopes Trial
Agrarian Reform
The Commoner

September 22

Today was great as I finally made some headway on the container lists for the Topical Files at the Malone Center. I also made some preliminary plans for the series that will serve as the organizational schematic for processing the remainder of the collection. I will list the series here although they may change a little: Series 1 Board Minutes; Series 2 Programming and Center Management Records; Series 3 Membership Records; Series 4 Annual Reports; Series 5 Accountant Reports; Series 6 Budgets; Series 7 Audits; Series 7 Correspondence; Series 8 topical files. I will make separate finding aids for the Malone Center Photograph Collection and the Artifact Collection. Ms. Florine Joseph (corrected version of her name) continues to identify photographs. At the suggestion of Karen Keehr, Photograph Curator at the NSHS, I purchased a graphite pencil for Ms. Flo to write on the back of the photos with. She has already identified hundreds of individuals. I am very appreciative of her work.

There are a couple of added collections which intersect with the center's materials but are separate. They are the Malone Foundation Papers; and Educational Papers (from the Malone Preschool and After school programs, etc.) I will address these later. Also, apparently donated to the Malone Center is the Jean Stevenson Family Collection (1941-1974) which includes some WWII photographs.

September 28

I was pretty pleased today when Tom said that I could spend a few sessions with Karen Keehr in order to learn more about photograph collections. I learned a great deal during our four hour session. Here are some of the basics that I picked up today.

Photos store better in vertical position. Still, over sized photos are better stored flat. Photo sleeves are only necessary when photographs are frayed at the edges or show other signs of deterioration. Otherwise, they can be placed in the same acid free file folders used for AM materials. Interestingly, magnetic photo albums are not good for the photographs. After albums are photocopied (since they do comprise an artifact in their own right) they should be removed from plastic. The processer has to decide which road will damage the photos less. Karen says that she sometimes removes photographs from plastic using dental floss. A great idea. We also talked some about preservation issues from a theoretical standpoint. Karen noted that museums view the frame and the photo as wed together. However, archivists focus on the information in the photo and might choose to discard the frame.

Karen had me assist her as she processed a small collection of photographs from the Grunwald Family of Omaha, Nebraska. It took her about an hour to divide the photographs into six or seven piles according to the primary subject, and to decipher family relationships (genealogy) of the people in the photographs. I was fairly impressed.

I also learned about women's fashion and its utility in interpreting photographs; that memorial photos have a long history, and about some of the early history of photography and especially popular photography. Karen talked about the Brownie camera, and then I saw a likeness of one in the collection that we were processing. All of this information will be useful to me in working with the Malone Center photographs.

September 29

I went to the NSHS today to spend another hour and a half with the photographs. Karen had previously explained to me the process of labeling a photo envelope, but today I got to practice it. In general, the information which must be included on the envelope are the collection and donor number, the type of photo, a brief description, and the date. (If the photographer is known, that information can also be included). I processed photographs of U.S. Senator's from Nebraska, and am looking forward to completing this assignment.

1 comment:

  1. I have seen a blog story for my store at the carteidge shop and the ha was made off just like this. I was impressed there and like to see those makings of them too.. I would be thankful t them..

    r4i software